The general level of crime as estimated by the Victims of Crime Survey (VOCS) has been declining during the past five years, but increased in 2016/17 and 2017/18, Stats SA said in a statement on Thursday.
Statistician-General Risenga Maluleke released the annual survey in Pretoria on Thursday morning.
According to the statement, household crimes increased by 5% - to a total of 1.5 million incidences - while individual crime also increased by 5% - to a total of 1.6 million incidences - affecting 1.4 million individuals aged 16 and above.
"Northern Cape had the highest increase in both household and individual crimes.
"Housebreaking or burglary was the most dominant (54%) crime category among crimes measured by the VOCS. An estimated total of 830 000 incidences of housebreaking occurred in 2017/18, affecting 4.25% of all South African households.
Here are the statistics broken up in numbers:
- 1 545 701 – the estimated number of household crime incidents, up by 5%;
- 7.5% – the estimated percentage of households that experienced crime, up by 0.3%;
- 1 682 624 – the estimated number of individual crime incidents;
- 54% – the dominant household crime: housebreaking or burglary;
- 832 122 – incidents of housebreaking/burglary, up by 7%;
- 31.6% – clothes were the top item stolen from homes, followed by cellphones (23.6%) and food (22.2%);
- 33% – households that reported housebreaking that were satisfied with the police's response;
- 3.7% –individuals aged 16 and above who experienced crime, up by 0.2%;
- 79% – personal crimes that involved theft, robbery and assault;
- 69% of items lost through theft were cellphones, followed by wallets (45%);
- 65.4% of victims were robbed in the streets of a residential area;
- 25.8% of victims were injured during a robbery;
- 355 739 – the number of assaults, up by 12%. Men are more likely to be victims than women. Women are more likely to report assault. Most assaults occur at home;
- 32% of those surveyed felt safe to walk in their neighbourhoods at night, down by 3%; and
- 54.2% of people are satisfied with the police, and 41.1% are satisfied with the courts.